PEN Ucraina – informații recente despre evoluția războiului

[PEN România a primit o sinteză recentă de la PEN Ucraina privind evoluția războiului.
Întrucât conține informații verificate, o distribuim căre publicul larg.
PEN România]

On this day a month ago, Russia launched an unprovoked and unjustified full-scale war against our country after eight years of hybrid and military aggression, the occupation of Crimea and certain areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk Regions. The Russian invasion has the potential of becoming bigger and deadlier than any other conflict that has taken place in Europe since World War II.
In the war against Ukraine, Russia’s war criminals continue using the same methods as did Nazi Germany. In the temporary occupied areas, Russians have forcefully deported several thousands of residents to Russian filtration camps. In the Luhansk, Donetsk, Chernihiv and Sumy regions, the occupants have withdrawn Ukrainian historical and fiction books from libraries.On 11 March, a Russian tank fired at a care home in Kreminna (Luhansk region), killing 56 eldery people. On 20 March, Russians bombed an art school in Mariupol (Donetsk region), where 400 people were sheltering. On 18 March, Russian shelling killed 96 year-old Ukrainian Holocaust survivor, Boris Romanchenko, in Kharkiv. On 23 March, the director of the Kherson Regional Academic Music and Drama Theater, Oleksandr Knyha, was kidnapped by Russian invaders and taken away in an unknown direction. Later he was freed.Russian occupants continue destroying Ukrainian cultural heritage. On 23 March, occupants destroyed the Kuindzhi Art Museum in Mariupol that housed original works by Ivan Aivazovsky, Mykola Hlushchenko, Tetyana Yablonska, Mykhailo Derehus, and others. It is currently unknown what happened to those paintings.
Since the beginning of the Russian invasion, thousands of Ukrainian civilians, among them at least 121 children, have been killed and more than 167 injured. The war has already produced over 3.6 million refugees. More than half of Ukraine’s children have been displaced after one month of war.On 14 March, founder of “Orientyr” publishing, Mykola Kravchenko, was killed by Russian troops while defending Kyiv. On 18 March, Sumy’s Arts College Professor, Ruslan Movchan, who joined the Ukrainian Army at the beginning of the war, was killed defending his homeland. On 23 March, Ukrainian gymnast Kateryna Dyachenko, 11 years old, was killed in Mariupol after her home was bombed by Russian terrorists.
During the month since the start of its large-scale invasion, Russia has committed 148 crimes against journalists and media in Ukraine, according to the Institute of Mass Information.On 16 March, in temporarily occupied Berdiansk, the FSB detained the Hromadske journalist Victoria Roshchyna. On 22 March, she was freed on condition that she record a video rejecting any grievances against the occupants. On 20 March, in the temporarily occupied Kakhovka (Kherson region), the previously abducted journalist, Oleh Baturyn, returned home. The journalist wrote about the torture and humiliation inflicted by the Russian occupants. On 21 March, 4 local journalists in temporarily occupied Melitopol, namely Yulia Olkhovska, Liubov Chaika, Mykhailo Kumok, and Yevhenia Borian, were abducted by Russian occupants and forced to spread Russian propaganda. After a “preventive talk” they were set free. On 22 March, in the Kyiv region, Max Levin, a photo journalist, went missing. Last time he was reachable was on 13 March. On 23 March, Russian journalist, Oksana Baulina, was killed amid a Russian attack on Kyiv.Find more information about Russian crimes against the media in our report.
War Diaries by Artem Chapeye (PEN Ukraine);Anne Applebaum “Ukraine Must Win” (The Atlantic);Andrey Kurkov “Exodus: the four kinds of Ukrainian refugee” (The Economist);‘Some of us never unpacked our suitcases’: Putin’s refugee crisis didn’t start in 2022 (CNN);Mstyslav Chernov, Evgeniy Maloletka, Lori Hinnant ‘Why? Why? Why?’ Ukraine’s Mariupol descends into despair (Associated Press);Chilling account of Radio France fixer who was kidnapped and tortured by Russian soldiers in Ukraine (Reporters Without Borders);Oleksiy Panych “The West’s 3 Most Important Errors in Understanding Russia” (Ukraine World);Luba Kassova “Ukrainian Women on the Front Lines but Not in the Headlines” (Foreign Policy);Halya Coynash “Odesa Christian, Jewish and Muslim faiths unite for Ukraine and against Russian aggression” (Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group);Jonathan Jones “Cannibalism and genocide: the horrific visions of Ukraine’s best loved artist Maria Prymachenko” (The Guardian);Ostap Ukrainets “Zeitgeist. Dostoevsky as a reason for war” (Medium);Oleksiy Panych “What is to be ‘saved’ in the Russian culture?” (Raamop Rusland);Vladislav Davidzon, Kate Tsurkan “The Landscape of Ukrainian Literature” (Tablet);Ana Menéndez “War is no joke, but in Ukraine, humor is resistance” (Miami Herald);Carlotta Gall “The Lviv poet who spent years in a Gulag and now says he won’t leave Ukraine” (Irish Times);Response of Ukrainian artists to the war started by the Russian Federation (Ukrainer);Antje Rávik Strubel “Ich steige aus” (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung in German);Oleksandr Mykhed “Ein neues Tattoo” (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung in German);Lara Crinò “Intervista allo scrittore ucraino Andrei Kurkov: “L’incubo di una nuova Urss”” (La Repubblica in Italian).
We continue a series of conversations #DialoguesOnWar, where Ukrainian and foreign intellectuals talk about the experience of the war and share their own observations:Dialogues on War: Natalka Snyadanko and Margaret Atwood (Friday, 25 March, 5 PM Kyiv time);Dialogues on War: Oleksandr Mykhed and Witold Szabłowski (Wednesday, 30 March, 4 PM Kyiv time);Dialogues on War: Oleksiy Panych and Martin Pollack (video);Dialogues on War: Anna Vovchenko and Slavenka Drakulić (video);Dialogues on War: Maryana Savka and Henry Marsh (video);Dialogues on War: Maryana Savka and Henry Marsh (text);Dialogues on War: Ostap Slyvynsky and Olga Tokarczuk (video);Dialogues on War: Alim Aliev and Burhan Sönmez (video);Dialogues on War: Myroslav Marynovych and Serhii Plokhii (video);Dialogues on War: Victoria Amelina and Sofi Oksanen (video);Dialogues on War: Victoria Amelina and Sofi Oksanen (text);Dialogues on War: Oksana Forostyna and Marci Shore (video);Dialogues on War: Andriy Kurkov and Philippe Sands (video).
PEN Ukraine created a list of 40 Iconic Figures of Ukrainian Culture, which includes innovative artists, global stars and key figures of Ukrainian culture. Among them are world-renowned artists, outstanding painters and graphic artists, architects and sculptors, poets, prose writers, playwrights, actors, filmmakers, choreographers, composers, singers. The material is available at the link.
PEN Ukraine launched one page with the latest news and materials on Russia’s war against Ukraine with information on the situation in Ukraine, links on important materials and information resources, petitions, addresses, the list of editions about Ukraine to read in English, and books by Ukrainian authors recommended for translation. The page is being continuously updated with the latest news and links. Go to the page and share with colleagues:

Mesaje de la PEN International & PEN Ucraina

Burhan Sönmez: “PEN International utterly condemns the violence unleashed by Russian forces onto Ukraine, and urgently calls for an end of the military aggression ofa sovereign, independent state. The bloodshed must stop now. We stand with Ukraine, our friends at PEN Ukraine, and call on President Putin to stop this war immediately. Peace must prevail.”

(“PEN International condamnă ferm violența declanșată de forțele ruse asupra Ucrainei și solicită de urgență încetarea agresiunii militare a unui stat suveran, independent. Vărsarea de sânge trebuie să înceteze acum. Suntem alături de Ucraina, precum și de prietenii noștri din PEN Ucraina, și îi cerem președintelui Putin să oprească imediat acest război. Pacea trebuie să învingă.”)

Andrei Kurkov: “The hybrid war waged by Russia against Ukraine for eight years is now turning into a conventional one, in which casualties among soldiers and civilians could number in the hundreds of thousands. Europe has not been able to defend European values on its territory, of which Ukraine is a part. We are no longer at the edge of the abyss; we are already holding one foot over it. If the leaders of the free world do not make a last decisive attempt to stop the war that the Russian Federation so wants to unleash, it will be safe to say: the Second World War taught humanity nothing! I appeal to all free people of our planet – do everything possible to protect the freedom and independence of Ukraine. There can be no free and safe Europe without a free and independent Ukraine!” 

(“Războiul hibrid purtat de Rusia împotriva Ucrainei timp de opt ani se transformă acum într-unul convențional, în care victimele din rândul soldaților și civililor ar putea să se numere cu sutele de mii. Europa nu a fost capabilă să apere valorile europene pe teritoriul său, din care Ucraina face parte. Nu mai suntem la marginea prăpastiei; suntem deja cu un picior deasupra ei. Dacă liderii lumii libere nu fac o ultimă încercare decisivă de a opri războiul pe care Federația Rusă dorește atât de mult să-l dezlănțuie, vom putea spune cu siguranță: umanitatea nu a învățat nimic din Al Doilea Război Mondial! Fac un apel către toți oamenii liberi de pe planetă – faceți tot posibilul pentru a proteja libertatea și independența Ucrainei. Nu poate exista o Europă liberă și sigură fără o Ucraină liberă și independentă!”)

Mesaj al PEN România către PEN Ucraina

Letter of the Romanian PEN Centre to PEN Ukraine

 February 24th, 2022

Dear Friends,

You are not alone – we stand with You. 

As your President has stated, the outrageous war initiated by Russia will provoke much suffering – including for the Russian citizens. The Russian state has chosen to place itself outside the fundamental rules of international law; the war directed against You is, in fact, directed against any member of the free democratic world. We are together with You in it.

President Putin is obviously captive in an anachronistic ultra-nationalistic mindset, abusively and violently rewriting history at the expense of other people’s freedom and lives. Putin’s Russia is a rogue state, threatening the international balance and world order, re-igniting the nationalist passions which have already almost destroyed the world eight decades ago.

There can be no free world without a free Ukraine. We know it – and we will stand with You in your fight for freedom and self-determination. 

Together we will prevail.

The Romanian PEN Centre

Scrisoare a Centrului PEN Român către PEN Ucraina 
24 februarie 2022  

Dragi prieteni,

Nu sunteți singuri – suntem alături de voi.

După cum a declarat președintele vostru, războiul scandalos inițiat de Rusia va provoca multă suferință – inclusiv pentru cetățenii ruși.

Statul rus a ales să se plaseze în afara regulilor fundamentale ale dreptului internațional; războiul îndreptat împotriva Ucrainei este, de fapt, îndreptat împotriva oricărui membru al lumii libere democratice.

Suntem alături de voi. Președintele Putin este în mod evident captiv într-o mentalitate ultra-naționalistă anacronică, rescriind abuziv și violent istoria în detrimentul libertății și vieții altor oameni și altor popoare.

Rusia lui Putin este un stat violent care amenință echilibrul internațional și ordinea mondială, reaprinzând pasiunile naționaliste care aproape că au distrus lumea în urmă cu opt decenii.

Nu poate exista o lume liberă fără o Ucraină liberă. Știm asta – și vă vom fi alături în lupta voastră pentru libertate și autodeterminare.

Împreună vom învinge.

PEN România